Copy editors correct spelling, grammar and align writings to house style.
Changes to the publishing industry since the 1980s have resulted in nearly all copy editing of book manuscripts being outsourced to freelance copy editors. They may choose the layout of the publication and communicate with the printer.
As such, editing can involve creative skills, human relations and a precise set of methods.
There are various editorial positions in publishing.
Paid editing services may be provided by specialized editing firms or by self-employed (freelance) editors.
Editing firms may employ a team of in-house editors, rely on a network of individual contractors or both.
Called the authors' editor, this editor works with authors to get a manuscript fit for purpose before it is submitted to a scholarly journal for publication.
Finding marketable ideas and presenting them to appropriate authors are the responsibilities of a sponsoring editor.Self-employed editors work directly for clients (e.g., authors, publishers) or offer their services through editing firms, or both.They may specialize in a type of editing (e.g., copy editing) and in a particular subject area.As for scholarly journals, where spontaneous submissions are more common than commissioned works, the position of journal editor or editor-in-chief replaces the acquisitions editor of the book publishing environment, while the roles of production editor and copy editor remain.However, another editor is sometimes involved in the creation of scholarly research articles.